What is SEO and How does it work?

Search engine optimization, or SEO, is a digital marketing technique that focuses on your website’s visibility in search engine results. SEO practices have evolved over the years. The only constant in SEO practice, as in life, is “change.” The speed of evolution of SEO is also changing. It’s getting faster as search results adapt and search engines expect to be able to get answers anytime, anywhere, in any way they want.

There are numerous advantages of using Search engine optimization for your brand or business. You can try increasing your search engine presence by improving your SEO. This allows you to reach and interact with a greater number of potential customers. You can increase your chances of attracting more targeted organic traffic by developing more effective and meaningful SEO-focused content.

This practice is different from paid advertising. The main distinction between SEO and paid advertising is that SEO incorporates an “organic” ranking, which means that you don’t have to pay to be there.

You must first understand how SEO works to better understand how you can rank your content higher in search engines. In this article, you will discover how to use SEO practices so that you can optimize your content to rank higher on Google.

How does Search engine optimization work?

Greater visibility, or making it easier for customers to find you when they search for anything you have to offer, is one of the most crucial tasks in SEO. Your ranking is directly proportional to your exposure. The higher your ranking on the results page of a search engine; potential customers are much more likely to see you and visit your website.

Now that you understand why SEO is vital, let’s take a closer look at how it works. Search engines have crawlers, the automated robot type. These trackers collect a variety of data about your site and its component web pages. This allows them to quickly decide when a search engine should receive a page from their website. Website speed, title tags, social signals, link building, and other factors are collected.

There are a number of things to consider and steps that can be taken to try to optimize a site with more than 200 ranking factors used by Google in its algorithm. These ranking factors influence how well your website is optimized and, as a result, how well it ranks on search results pages. SEO experts create a unique Search engine optimization strategy and improve your website ranking by taking these ranking factors into account.

3 fundamental elements of SEO

If you’re trying to rant about your website on search engine results pages, here are three fundamental SEO elements to keep in mind when optimizing your website:

1. On-page optimization

On-page SEO is the process of optimizing web pages to increase the search engine results ranks of a website and generate organic traffic. The following are the key elements of on-page SEO:

• Keyword research

Keyword research is the method of determining words or phrases (called “keywords”) that users use on search engines such as Google, Bing, and YouTube. Keyword research has an impact on all other SEO tasks, including content topic generation, on-page SEO, and content promotion.
This is why in most SEO campaigns, keyword research is considered the initial step. To put it another way, keywords serve as a compass for your SEO strategies, indicating where you need to go and whether you are moving in the right direction.

• Meta tags

Meta tags have been an essential ranking factor since the beginning of SEO. Meta tags, which describe what the website is about, are frequently displayed below the website title in SERPs.
While Google claims that meta tags do not influence rankings, the evidence suggests that the indirect characteristics of enhanced tags do. CTR, an impression of the quality of the result, and perception of what your site offers can be improved by properly optimizing the meta tags.

• Headings and Hierarchy

If you want your website or web pages to rank higher, start creating catchy headlines, stick to the content hierarchy, and make E-A-T (experience, authority, and trustworthiness) a part of your SEO plan. A good headline can make the difference between a click and an impression, so doing so effectively is essential.

On the other hand, Google evaluators use the E-A-T structure to evaluate content creators, websites, and web pages as a whole. Also, the most important information should be at the top of the web page and the least important information should be at the bottom. This is known as the content hierarchy. So if you want to improve your ranking, consider these factors.

• Optimization of images and alternative labels

Adding images to your websites is a great way to make them more attractive. However, not all images are created equal and some may even slow down your website. By properly optimizing images, you can make the most of a vital SEO asset.

Additional ranking capabilities (shown in Google Image Search), an improved user experience, and faster website load times are just some of the benefits of image optimization. Make sure to use meaningful titles and alt text with images that complement your content.

• Internal link

Links are required for your content to rank. When your posts and pages are linked from anywhere on the internet, Google finds them more easily. Internal links interconnect your content and provide Google with an understanding of the structure of your website.

They can help you build a hierarchy of sites by allowing you to serve the most relevant pages and posts with additional link value than the less relevant pages and posts. All in all, implementing a good internal linking approach will allow you to rank higher!

2. page off-page optimization

Off-page SEO refers to methods performed outside of your website that have an impact on your SERP ranking. These comprise several SEO basics that help a site rank in addition to on-page SEO.
In simple words, off-page optimization is about creating quality backlinks on your website. Search engines use backlinks to determine the quality of linked content, so a site with many high-quality backlinks will typically rank higher than a site with fewer backlinks.

Off-page SEO simply tells Google what other people think of your website. For example, if you have a bunch of great links pointing to your site, search engines will think you have great content, something that visitors value.
While generating backlinks from external sites is the off-page SEO approach.

• Sitemap and robots

An XML sitemap is a file that helps search engines explore and understand your site. Think of it as a kind of “search roadmap,” telling search engines where each web page is located. It also includes essential information about each page of the website, such as when it was last modified, how important it is to the site, and how often it is updated.

• UX / UI

Google’s algorithms have been drastically modified to put a greater emphasis on the user interface and user experience that its users experience. Google gives web pages a higher rating based on two factors: the convenience with which users interact with a website (UI) and the overall satisfaction with which users leave a website after browsing it ( UX).

• Mobile-friendliness

A “responsive” website design changes automatically to allow easy navigation and reading on any device. Google makes it obvious that having a responsive website is a very important ranking indicator for their algorithms. A responsive website has become more vital than ever, according to Google’s new “mobile-first” approach to crawling content. As a result, it is a good idea to ensure that your website is fully responsive and displays in the best possible light for mobile, tablet, and desktop users.

SEO strategies

The process of planning, highlighting, and incorporating steps to improve search engine rankings is known as an SEO strategy. In other words, an SEO strategy is a method that you use to increase organic traffic to your website. Below are the three essential SEO strategies that everyone should implement.

White Hat SEO

The White Hat SEO refers to the strategies that follow the specific terms and conditions of the major search engines, such as Google and Bing. White hat SEO, in general, relates to any procedure that improves your ranking in a SERP while ensuring the integrity of your website. The following are some examples of white hat SEO:

  • This provides superior content
  • Website optimized for mobile devices with fast loading times
  • Use meta tags that are descriptive and rich in keywords.
  • Make your website easy to use

2. Black Hat SEO

Black Hat Search engine optimization is a set of techniques to improve the ranking of a website or web page while violating search engine terms and conditions. These methods can lead to the removal of the site from the search engine and affiliate sites.

In Google’s Webmaster Guidelines, as well as Bing’s Webmaster Guidelines, a list of practices and strategies used by black hat SEO professionals has been officially rejected.

3. Gray Hat SEO

Gray Hat SEO is a riskier technique than White Hat. But it may or may not lead to your site being banned from search engines. Because the terms of service governing the issue are unclear, Gray Hat’s Search engine optimization methods are not included in the Black Hat or White Hat categories.

Gray Hat SEO is vital to understand as it can increase your site’s ranking without causing adverse implications or costing you a lot of lost traffic.


Now you can focus on making adjustments to your site to increase SEO after understanding it and how it works. Also, you can now improve your search engine results page ranking. Remember that several elements influence the meaning and success of your SEO efforts.

However, the most important factor to evaluate is whether your content is worthwhile and relevant to your target audience. It’s also important to remember that Search engine optimization takes time to work its magic. You won’t see the effects of SEO right away.

About the author

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.